2014-2016 Fellows



Andrew S. Baer is a Ph.D candidate in the History Department at Northwestern University. His research interests revolve around issues of race, law enforcement, social movements, and police accountability. His dissertation, titled "From Law and Order to Torture: Race and Policing in De-Industrial Chicago," explores the appearance of police torture on Chicago's South Side during the 1970s and 1980s and the grassroots activism it inspired in the 1990s and 2000s. Focusing on the cases linked to former police Commander Jon Burge, his dissertation asks: How could a group of white detectives coerce confessions from Black criminal suspects with impunity for two decades? Relying on archival research, oral history interviews, and legal material provided by civil rights attorneys and local police accountability groups, Andrew brings historical context to themes of racial violence and police brutality that may otherwise seem timeless.


Josh Kaiser is a JD-PhD candidate in law and sociology at Northwestern University.  His current research focuses on various forms of state control and state violence, through sociological and criminological approaches and mixed methodologies.

Currently, he is working on two continuing projects on genocide, crimes of aggression, and other atrocity crimes in Darfur and Iraq.  He is the coauthor of “The Displaced and Dispossessed of Darfur” and “Gendered Genocide,” two articles which empirically illuminate the social, experiential process of genocide that occurs through displacement, sexual violence, and anti-livelihood crimes.  Kaiser is also the coauthor of “Atrocity Victimization and the Costs of Economic Conflict Crimes in the Battle for Baghdad and Iraq,” two other articles, and a forthcoming book on the sectarian displacement, criminal entrepreneurship, and legal cynicism among ordinary Iraqi civilians that stemmed from a war of aggression in Iraq.

In his dissertation, Kaiser is researching criminal punishment in the United States.  His work focuses on “hidden sentences,” all legally imposed punishments inflicted upon criminal offenders beyond their official, judge-issued sentences (e.g., registration requirements or restricted due process rights).  Two forthcoming articles analyze the purposes and effectiveness of these punishments in light of their hiddenness, and the functions of hidden sentences as a principle part of the contemporary penal system.  The dissertation overall investigates the historical rise of hidden sentences in the United States since the middle of the twentieth century and compares it to the concomitant but more visible rise of mass incarceration.